A) Organism responses to Ocean Acidification
(migration, tolerance, death, acclimation and adaptation)

  • 1. Tolerance versus vulnerability: from species to populations
  • 2. Acclimation and adaptation, e.g. plasticity, heritability, microevolution
  • 3. Linking biological scales: physiology to populations
  • 4. Mechanisms of calcification and dissolution
  • 5. What does the paleo record tell us?

B) Ecological effects of Ocean Acidification

  • 6. From local to global: linking process studies and observations, e.g. meta-analysis
  • 7. Biogeographical responses to Ocean Acidification and climate change (resilience, changes in biodiversity patterns at regional and global scales, refugia)
  • 8. Insights from natural Ocean Acidification analogues estuaries, upwelling regions & CO2 vents
  • 9. Present and future impacts on food webs and energy flow through ecosystems
  • 10. Community and ecosystem responses, including regional comparisons

C) Changing carbonate chemistry of the Ocean

  • 11. Paleo to present indicators of ocean acidification (paleo proxies and modeling)
  • 12. Changing biogeochemistry from coasts to the open ocean
  • 13. Projected changes in the carbonate system and biogeochemical feedbacks on Ocean Acidification (DMS, trace metals, and nutrient cycling)
  • 14. Utilizing biogeochemical tracers to understand carbonate chemistry and ecosystem responses, e.g. calcification, dissolution, de-oxygenation

D) Advances in Ocean Acidification research and monitoring

  • 15. Novel sensors and platforms for the detection of ocean acidification and acidification impacts
  • 16. Designing and implementation of manipulation experiments, e.g. FOCE
  • 17. Present and future international (co-ordination) programs, e.g. GOA-ON

E) Ocean Acidification and society – from mitigation to food security

  • 18. Impacts and risks to fisheries, aquaculture and food security
  • 19. Economic and societal impacts global to local
  • 20. Adapting human communities, economies, industries
  • 21. Managing ecosystems for Ocean Acidification (e.g. MPAs, harvesting)
  • 22. Global to regional actions and policy for Ocean Acidification, e.g. research-policy networks, communication and outreach
  • 23. Climate Intervention approaches

F) Ocean Acidification and the increasingly crowded ocean – global change multistressors

  • 24. Ocean Acidification and other anthropogenic stressors from pollutants to harvesting
  • 25. Physiological effects of climate change multiple stressors
  • 26. Ecological effects of climate change multiple stressors